For textiles


The  flame retardants are applied both for fire protection of hydrophilic textiles like cotton, rayon, linen, wool, viscose and hydrophobic textiles like polyester, polyacrylnitrile, polyamide, polypropylene, polyethylene and their blends.
The  flame retardant compositions can be used in combination with softeners, wetting agents and other textile auxiliaries, after preliminary tests are carried out with respect to the stability of the solutions and their possible negative effect on material’s flammability.

The  flame retardants are applied for impregnation of fabrics (woven and non-woven) used for curtains, upholstery, carpets, moquettes, textile wall-papers, technical textiles etc. The impregnation is obligatorily performed after a preliminary treatment of the textile material by cleansing, washing and drying whereby the used agents’ solutions should be “compatible” with the  impregnating water solution.
The fire protection of the textile materials may be applied by “in situ” impregnation utilizing the spraying method and by the continuous method – soaking, draining and drying at high temperature. The aim of the impregnation technologies is to reduce the fabric flammability – the material is fire resistant, smolders and chars only in the presence of a fire source and extinguishes after its removal.

The  fabric flame retardant impregnation by spraying is “in situ” impregnation at atmospheric pressure and room temperature. The impregnation by spraying is carried out by means of an air pistol from a distance of at least 40 cm, strictly observing the relevant consumption rate for the respective material. So treated, the materials are dried at room temperature.
The  flame retardant impregnation by spraying is one-side impregnation for the light and thin fabrics and two-side for the thick and heavy ones.
The  quantity per square meter of the material is preliminary determined and satisfies the requirements of the desired fire rating.

The machine impregnation is a continuous treatment method, where the non-treated material passes through a bath with a small module, containing the  flame retardant. After soaking in the bath, the material passes between rollers, where, applying controlled pressure it is drained so that only the specified quantity of the flame retardant remains in the material, and after that it passes at an appropriate speed and at temperature, appropriate for drying the respective material, through a drying machine.

The impregnated textile materials can be cut out, sewn and assembled without reduction in their fire resistance.
The impregnated textile materials are environment friendly. No rashes or erythema of the skin of people, working with the fabrics, which is an evidence of the absence of toxic properties.

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